- Define the term CODE OF PRACTICE and how it affects your role as a manager.
Ans: A code of practice provides practical guidance for people who have work health and safety duties about how to achieve the standards required under the Act, and about effective ways to identify and manage risks (Attorney-General, Page 1). It should always be followed unless there is another solution which achieves the same or a better standard of health and safety in the workplace.
The code of practice makes it mandatory for the manager to follow it and implement it in the workplace. It is manager’s role to see that the code of practice is understood by all and the rules mentioned is delegated to all the staff working at that place. For keeping the work place free from any incident it is necessary to understand and follow the code of practice by the manger and his team.
- Outline 3 different ways you can alert people to potential hazards and risks in the workplace.
Ans: The 3 different ways to alert people to potential hazards and risks in workplace is by the following ways
- Making billboards which contains the details of potential hazards at places where there are potential hazards or any risk of getting any injury.
- Imparting verbal communication or training about the potential hazards places and making them aware of potential hazards and risks in the workplace.
- Demarcating the area with danger symbol or the other symbols used for demarking the place of hazard such as high voltage current can be demarked with danger sign with the high voltage current symbol which will enable the people working nearby to understand the potential hazards and risk at the workplace.
- What steps can you take to ensure people from different cultures have access to and understand OH&S information?
Ans: The steps that can be taken to ensure people from different cultures have access to and understand OH&S information are
- First step is to spot the hazard. One should be alert at work. Notice potential hazards and work out what the problem is and communicate it to others.
- After finding the potential hazard then assess the risk. Talk to your supervisor about the hazard and work out a way to solve the problem.
- The make the necessary changes to overcome potential hazard and follow through. Carry out the agreed actions in order to solve the problem with all the staff.
- The effective communication of health and safety information is central to reducing the risk of injury and illness in the workplace. All employees require information, advice, assistance and training to do their work; fully understand the health and safety risks that are part of that work; and help keep their work environment safe.
- In some workplaces, linguistic differences can present significant challenges to communicating health and safety information, discussing OHS issues and ensuring safe work practices. Establishing an ongoing dialogue on health and safety at work is the best way to mitigate workplace risks and this must not be limited to one language only (Victoria, Page 3).
- Imparting training related to OH & S is another way to inform and make employees understand the information.
- Incident reports are must and should be put in whiteboard where all the employees can easily see it.
- Outline the OH&S Hierarchy of Control, explaining how it affects OH&S.
Ans: At workplace employees should use the structure of management chart to figure out the most appropriate technique with regard to risk management and OH&S. This strategy includes developing out or eliminating threats at the resource and managing any extra threats by technological innovation or organisational means. Business employers should start at the top of the structure of management chart and work their way down. The structure of management chart is arranged in the following way:
a) eliminate the hazard. If this is not possible then;
b) substitute or modify the hazard. If this is not possible then;
c) isolate the hazard. If this is not possible then;
d) use engineering controls to control the hazard at its source. If this is not
e) use administrative controls. If this is not possible then;
f) use personal protective equipment (Gillard, page 29)
- Which tools must be considered when developing procedures relating to hazard identification and risk assessment?
Ans: The first step in management of a threat is to recognize and record them. There are many techniques which are useful for determining risks, including damage and sickness information – evaluation the workers’ settlement information and check the occurrence, procedure and organization of damage, and the cost to the enterprise. These researches can be evaluated to aware the enterprise to the use of hazards remaining advised on styles and improvements in office protection, for example via the internet or OHS publications.
When one recognizes a threat, do a danger evaluation. A danger evaluation procedure means one collect detail about each determined hazard consider the number of individuals revealed to each threat and the length of the exposure
- • use the details to determine the chances and end result of each hazard
- • use a danger evaluation desk to work out the danger associated with each threat.
- What are the roles and responsibilities of employers relating to OHS?
Ans: The role and responsibilities of employers relating to OHS is to support team members to implement OHS policies and practices. A key responsibility is to make sure all staff has relevant and current OHS information they can easily understand. (Aspire Training & Consulting, page 9).
- Detail 5 different potential safety hazards you could come across in on a job site.
Ans: The 5 different potential safety hazards that we could come across in on a job site are
- Free suspended particles in air can be a potential safety hazard for eye and breathing.
- Uncovered or open ended fire or high temperature equipment or machines in workplace is also a potential safety hazard.
- Loose hanging overhead structures or any machine part is also a potential safety hazard.
- Oil spilled or water spilled or slippery floor in workplace is a potential safety hazard.
- Smoke or dusty environment along with biological hazards such as bacteria, viruses, mould, mildew, insects, vermin, and animals are also potential safety hazard.
- What are the Australian Standards for emergency control in any emergency situation?
Ans: The Australian Standards for emergency control in any emergency situation states that the Emergency Control Organisation (ECO) personnel shall issue directions to all persons on a premise so that they may execute their duties to control an incident or to conduct an evacuation of the premises. All directions issued by the ECO personnel should be in the interest of the safety and the well being of all persons on the premises. The Western Australia Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984 require that no person in a workplace should carry out an act, cause an omission or countermand a direction where the individuals’ personal safety is put at risk (Procedures, Page 3, 2010).
On emergency condition one should raise an alarm and inform the responsible authority.
- What are the functions of an OHS representative (Be specific)
Ans: The functions of an OHS representative are
- examine the workplace
- be informed of and examine injuries and injuries that impact their perform group
- examine any problems on protection concerns made by a personnel in the perform group
- go along with an examiner during an examination of a workplace
- be present at meetings related to accident/incident investigation
- talk about work-related protection issues
- signify members in their perform group
- access information about risks and risks
- be discussed about guidelines, methods, procedures and changes in the office that impact their perform group
- issue standard is aware that require an action is taken to take care of any protection risks (Australia, page 1, 2004)